- bibhṛyād upavītaṁ ca
- darbha-pāṇir yathoditam
- (SB 7.12.4)
So description of brahmacārī is going on here, the dress. The dress should be as simple as possible. So the jina means the deerskin. That is very essential, because formerly the brahmacārīs used to go to guru-gṛha. In those days the guru-gṛha was not palatial building. Now if you haven't got palatial building, nobody will come. The different stage. But actually brahmacārī, the guru also, they were living in the forest, and brahmacārī used to go that guru-gṛha. So the deerskin in the forest is very essential. Just like we take some blankets, we can spread anywhere and sit down. Deerskin, it is said that if you have got deerskin, you can sleep in the jungle; the snake will not touch you. That is the dravya-guṇa, the special effect of deerskin. Either tigerskin or deerskin, if you sit down, if you sleep, the snakes will not come. This is also very scientific. Therefore, because the brahmacārīs used to live in the jungle, it was essential. But on the whole the shortcut is recommended, not that gorgeous dress, very nice bedstead or . . . As far as possible, yāvad-artha, whatever is absolutely necessary . . . That is Vedic civilization. Vedic civilization does not recommend that artificially you increase your necessities of life, and there is so much trouble. Just like nowadays in your country the machine is there in every respect. Even for shaving your cheek you require a machine. So this increasing the artificial necessities of life is possible when there is no higher thought. After all, we are thoughtful. We have got better consciousness in the human form of life than the animals. Our consciousness is developed. But because in this age, material world, we have no spiritual idea, so whatever power we have got in thinking, we are trying to increase artificially material way of life. "The idle brain is a devil's workshop."
So this is called anartha. Anartha means things which are not wanted. This is the distinction between East and West. If I can lie down . . . The Eastern civilization is that "If I can lie down on the floor, where is the necessity of a bedstead or a cot? There is no. If I can lie down, keeping, resting my head on the arms, why there is necessity of pillow? If I can take, drink water with my palms like this, what is the use of any waterpot?" Minimize. Minimize. Spiritual life does not mean artificially increasing the necessities of life. Nidrāhāra-vihāraka (Śaḍ Goswāmi Aṣṭaka 6). Even the most important necessities of life, āhāra . . . Everyone has to eat something. Āhāra-nidrā-bhaya-maithunaṁ ca (Hitopadeśa). These are bodily necessities: eating, sleeping, sex and taking precaution from danger. These are bodily necessities. But spiritual advancement means, as Rūpa Gosvāmī and other Gosvāmīs showed us example, they conquered over this, nidrāhāra-vihārakādi-vijitau—to conquer over sleeping, to conquer over eating, to conquer over sex and to conquer over fearing.