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At that time the Bengal was being ruled by the Mohammedans, Pathans, and their entrusted ministers were these Rupa and Sanatana. They were converted into practically Mohammedan

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"at that time the Bengal was being ruled by the Muhammadans, Pathans, and their entrusted ministers were these Rūpa and Sanātana. They were converted into practically Muhammadan"

Lectures

Bhagavad-gita As It Is Lectures

At that time the Bengal was being ruled by the Mohammedans, Pathans, and their entrusted ministers were these Rūpa and Sanātana. They were converted into practically Mohammedan. Hindu society was very strict at that time. Still they are very strict. Anyone serving a foreigner, he becomes at once ostracized. He is at once, I mean to say, rejected from the social intercourse.


Lecture on BG 3.8-13 -- New York, May 20, 1966:

This Vedic injunction is also like that, that "You do sacrifice for the Supreme, then you will never be unhappy. You will never be in want." Now, mind that, that the work is not stopped. The work in which you are engaged, that is not stopped. We have discussed in the previous verse that niyataṁ kuru karma tvam. The work which is entrusted to you, or the work in which you are now engaged, that is not to be undone. You work as you are doing, but you engage your . . . the result of your work or life for the matter of sacrificing for the Supreme Lord.

There is a very good example in the life of the Gosvāmīs, whom we daily pray, vande rūpa-sanātanau raghu-yugau śrī-jīva-gopālakau (Śrī Ṣaḍ Gosvāmy Aṣṭaka).

These six Gosvāmīns, they were very important men of their age, in five hundred years before. These Rūpa and Sanātana, they were great politicians, ministers, of the then Muhammadan government in Bengal. In Bengal at that time the Pathans were ruling. Before the Moguls came, there were Pathan ruling. For one thousand years the Muhammadans invaded India, from 1000 A.D. up to 1947, till the end of the British period. India was under subjugation by so many foreigners: Muhammadans, Greeks, and so many others. Lastly, the Muhammadans ruled for eight hundred years. And the Britishers ruled for two hundred years. So now they have got independence, India.

So at that time the Bengal was being ruled by the Muhammadans, Pathans, and their entrusted ministers were these Rūpa and Sanātana. They were converted into practically Muhammadan. Hindu society was very strict at that time. Still they are very strict. Anyone serving a foreigner, he becomes at once ostracized. He is at once, I mean to say, rejected from the social intercourse. So these brothers, Rūpa and Sanātana, because they accepted Muhammadan rulers' service as minister, they were outcasted from the . . . they were actually Brāhmiṇs by caste.

Some way or other, these Rūpa and Sanātana contacted Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, and they retired from their service and joined. And after all, they became the most important leaders of this movement, Rūpa and Sanātana. Now, this Rūpa and Sanātana, when they retired from their service, they brought home gold coins. At that time there was no currency notes. Actual value gold coins were in . . . now, that gold coins was about two and a half ounce weight. Just like imagine what is the value now, whatever it may be. That means the estimation is some millions of rupees they brought home after their retirement.

And they divided the money in this way: fifty percent for God . . . whatever they accumulated, they set aside fifty percent for God, or God's service. God means God's service. God is not want of your money. (chuckles) He is quite competent to earn money. He doesn't require anything. But if we give, it is our interest. It is our interest. So he set aside fifty percent of his accumulated money for God, twenty-five percent for the relatives, family members, and twenty-five percent he kept in some village banker or the original bankers, for emergency.